References are requested in order to get a sense of your past experiences and relationships with past supervisors, advisors, co-workers, etc.
Basic Reference Page - A reference page should include these key points. Be sure to only list the amount of contacts as requested by the employer
Reference Etiquette - Select your references carefully and make sure their account will be positive. Also, be sure to have back-ups in case your first choices are not able to assist you. Don't forget to thank them!
A recommendation is different from references in that instead of a list, this is a written letter proving your previous exemplary work and results from a past professionals point of view. Recommendations may be requested for a job, graduate program, scholarship, etc.
Advice for Requesting Recommendations - From choosing who to ask to providing the proper information about you to get the best letter possible