History (HIST)

Each course description includes a code number indicating which history requirement is met by that course: Code 1-United States history; Code 2-European history; Code 3-African history; Code 4-Latin American history; Code 5-Asian history; Code 6-Middle Eastern history; 7-World history; RE-Race and Ethnicity; G-Gender. Most upper-division courses (300 to 400 designation) are offered once every two years.

111 Modern World History (3) Examines forces that bring areas of the world together, including Chinese and Ottoman trade and conquest, the consolidation of nation states like Portugal, Spain and Japan and their interactions with trade and colonization, the Columbian exchange and the impact of the New World, the slave trades from Africa and migrations to the Americas, revolutions in Europe and the Americas, colonization in Asia and Africa and nationalist movements, wars of ideology and resources: world wars, cold wars, and Middle Eastern wars. Emphasis on learning to think globally. Code 7. F10, S11, F11, S12

151 History of the United States Through 1877 (3) Examination of a series of questions and controversies in American history from the European conquest to the Civil War and Reconstruction. Explores issues such as immigration, industrialization, and slavery. Provides general education students and majors with an introduction to history as a field of study. Code 1. F10, F11

152 The United States Since 1877 (3) Examination of the ongoing issues, tensions and conflicts that resulted from the onset of industrial capitalism in the late 19th Century. Major themes include: the tension between industrial capitalism and liberty, the role conflict played in creating a more inclusive society, and greater emphasis placed on "people's (social) history" rather than "presidents (traditional) history." Course centers on active-dynamic learning such as focused in-class discussion, critical thinking, and analytical essay writing. Code 1.  S11, S12

160 Arab Identities (3) Explores the construction of Arab identities through language, culture, the spread of Islam and historical events: the birth of Islam, the colonial experience, Arab nationalism, Pan Arabism, the Palestinian conflict. Examines forces that brought Arabs together and those that have been divisive: social class, religions and sects, ethnicities in the Lebanese Civil War and Iraqi conflicts. Films. No prior knowledge needed. Code 6. RE. F10, F11 

161 African Peoples and Issues (3) Introductory course on modern Africa which covers major historical trends. Particularly useful for future high school teachers. Covers topics like the slave trade, the impact of colonialism, nationalist resistance movements, African aspirations at independence and political unity and disunity. Many films are shown and all texts are written by Africans, including autobiography, drama and novels. Code 3. S11, S12

212 The Ancient Mediterranean World (3) General-education-level course introducing students to the basic outlines of the history of the Mediterranean region -- including Greece, Rome, Spain, northern Africa, and Palestine -- from the earliest times to the Middle Ages. While investigating some key events and stories from these places and times, students learn to critically evaluate the ways these stories are re-told in our time, using actual texts and documents from the times in comparison to books and movies about those times from our day. Code 2. F11

219 History of Premodern East Asia (3) Examination of "premodern" East Asia with emphasis on: East Asian philosophical and spiritual traditions and how these traditions affected the development of East Asian civilizations; the contribution East Asia played in the development of European and world history; and to challenge Euro-centric perspectives that often view East Asia civilization as monolithic, static, and backward. Some particular themes include how Confucianism created a self-regulated society, how Chinese civilization developed and implemented a democratic ethos in government, Genghis Khan and the making of the modern world, the great treasure fleets of the Ming Dynasty, and Japanese samurai (warrior) culture. Course uses several East Asian films and documentaries as a means to understand and analyze the past through a film medium. Course centers on active-dynamic learning such as focused in-class discussion, critical thinking, and analytical essay. Code 5. F10, F11

220 History of Modern East Asia (3) Examination of East Asia in the modern period (1600 to present). Requires no prior knowledge of the region. Emphasizes how the rise of the West affected the historical development of East Asia and how East Asia responded to Western dominance. Themes include: why the powerful premodern Chinese civilization failed to meet the challenge of Western colonialism and conversely, why Japan succeeded in being the only non-western country to successfully modernize and become a great power; why race played a significant role in the Asia and Pacific theaters during World War II; how the communist revolution affected China; how Japan emerged as an economic superpower; and an examination of the Vietnam War from a Vietnamese perspective. Uses several East Asian films and documentaries as a means to understand and analyze the past through a film medium. Centers on active-dynamic learning such as focused in-class discussion, critical thinking, and analytical essays. Code 5. S11, S12

221 First Nations Wisconsin History (3) History of the native peoples of Wisconsin from prehistoric times to the present. Major emphasis on the six federally recognized tribes in Wisconsin. Cross-listed as FNS 221. Code 1. F11

225 Latin America Since Independence (3) Introduction to major themes and issues in modern Latin American history with a focus on the question of why a region of such abundant natural wealth suffers such serious problems of poverty, inequality, and violence. Examines a variety of theories of underdevelopment and their application to Latin America. Code 4. F10, F11

230 Modern Europe--1500 to 1800 CE (3) Introductory course tracing development of European societies from the great artistic, economic, and scientific transformations at the end of the Middle Ages up to the full flowering of the "modern age" at the end of the 18th century. While the basic structure is a broad survey covering 300 years and all regions of Europe, a focus on selected key issues -- such as the Protestant Reformation, Galileo to the Scientific Revolution, the Columbian Exchange to the emergence of Capitalism-- allows students to delve more deeply into history while also introducing them to basic questions and methods of the historical discipline. Code 2. F10, F11

231 Contemporary Europe--1800 to 2000 CE (3) Introductory course surveying the past two centuries of "Modern" Europe. Close attention to key episodes -- like the Industrial Revolution, the artistic revolts of Romanticism and Modernism, the rise of Fascism and other "totalitarian" ideologies, and the recent collapse of the Berlin Wall -- will afford a broad overview of European developments from 1800 to the present from a variety of methodological perspectives: economic, political, social, and cultural. As an introductory level, General Education course, it introduces students to the basic questions and methods of the historical discipline. Code 2. S11, S12

240 Africa in Early Times (3) How do we know early African history? Looks at archaeology in South Africa, oral traditions in Mali, written documents in West and East Africa, Ethnography of the East African coast and a fictional treatment of the slave trade between Dahomey and Brazil. Many films. Code 3. F10

241 Africa in Modern Times (3) Survey-level course looks at modern trends in African history after 1800, including the slave trade, colonialism, independence movements, challenges of national unity and economic and social progress. Several films. Code 3. F11

254 African-American Voices (3) Explores the African-American experience over the past two centuries with an emphasis on social and political discourse. The ideas of major political, literary, cultural and intellectual figures, as well as the content of black folk and popular culture, examined in a social and historical context. Authors include Douglass, DuBois, Hurston, Garvey, King, Malcolm X, and bell hooks. Code 1. RE. S11, S12

256 Introduction to Historical Research and Writing -- History of Wisconsin (3) Introduction to basic methods of research and writing in the discipline of history using the History of Wisconsin as a subject matter. Either HIST 256 or HIST 257 is required of all history majors and minors. HIST 256 is required of all students seeking secondary certification in history. Should ordinarily be taken in the sophomore year. Enrollment limited to students majoring or minoring in History or Social Studies, or by permission of instructor. Code 1. F10, F11

257 Introduction to Historical Research and Writing (3) Introduction to basic methods of research and writing the discipline of history. Each time the course is offered it will have a specific thematic focus to be chosen by the instructor. Students produce a series of short research papers on topics that are related to the focus of the course. Either HIST 256 or HIST 257 is required of all history majors and minors. Should ordinarily be taken in the sophomore year. Enrollment limited to students majoring or minoring in History and Social Studies, or by permission of instructor. Code will depend upon focus chosen by instructor. S11, S12

281 The Muslim World (3) Survey-level course introduces students to a variety of topics about the Muslim world from multidisciplinary perspectives. The time and life of the Prophet Muhammad, the rise of great Islamic empires, Islam and women, the spread of Islam in America and the explosion of Islamic resurgence and extremism are all topics for consideration. Code 6. S11

301 Study Abroad (0-6) Field trips designed by the Social Inquiry faculty to give students direct experiences in foreign countries. Each program includes preparatory reading, orientation meetings, a faculty-supervised study tour, and a detailed written evaluation of learning situations associated with the course. With consent of the relevant program and content adaptation, programs provided by other agencies can be considered for this credit. Students must obtain approval for taking these courses prior to participation. Otherwise the course may not count. For specific degree requirements consult your advisor. Course can be repeated only if the content is different. (Regular ongoing topics: War and Peace in Bosnia.) Code 2. Every summer

306 African Archeology (3) Introduces the main topics in this field: development of early human life in Africa, origins of human civilization, the relationship of Egypt and Nubia and historical archaeology. Examines archaeological sites like Tassili, Meroe, Jenne, Aksum, Zimbabwe, Kilwa, Lamu, Igbo Ukwu, Benin and Ife to see how we move from artifacts and ruins to theories of history. The contributions of other sciences and sources of history are observed. While this course focuses on Africa, the same principles and techniques of archaeology are used to extract history from archaeology the world over. Cross-listed as ANTH 306. Code 3. F11

315 War and Peace in the Former Yugoslavia (3) An attempt to understand in historical perspective the recent conflicts in Yugoslavia. With those events and the questions they raise in the forefront, and attempting to get beyond the simplistic stereotypes which too often fill the media, the course aims to examine the historical antecedents for the warfare, the ways in which history (both real and mythical) is used to explain and justify it, and also the ways in which the conflicts are fueled not by "ancient hatreds" but rather by purely contemporary political and economic competition. A main goal is to understand the conflicts among the peoples of Yugoslavia within the context of their centuries of fruitful coexistence. Required for all participants in the War and Peace in Bosnia Study Abroad course. Code 2. RE. S11, S12

317 Men and Women in Nazi Germany (3) Engages one of the central debates about Nazism and Fascism: How "Modern" was Fascism? Was it a reactionary repudiation of all that modern society stood for -- liberalism, democracy, equality, progress? Or was it instead another version of the revolutionary vision of the Modern? In examining this debate, the course takes as its central focus the issue of gender. Changes in the role afforded to men and women, and in beliefs about what it means to be male and female, were at the very center of the revolutionary changes that constituted the shift to the "Modern Era." Investigating how those kinds of gendered roles and beliefs played out in Germany during the crisis of the early 20th Century -- from the excitement of High Modernity after the First World War to the attempt to realize a German version of fascism in the Third Reich -- should tell us a great deal not only about the essence of fascism and Nazism, but also of Modernity itself. Through extensive reading, discussion, and writing, students will gain a much broader, more complex understanding of the idea of "modern society," of the nature of fascism as both ideology and state form, and of social ideas about masculinity and femininity, and how all of these interact with each other. Code 2. G F10, F12

320 Workers in Industrial America (3) Workers and work in the modern United States. Topics range from the nature of the modern workplace to the impact of the labor movement. Examines the impact of industrialization on workers and work, and the efforts of working men and women to shape their working lives. Code 1. S12

321 The Sixties (3) Examines the interlocking series of social and political crises that erupted in the United States in the 1960s. Topics include: civil rights and black power, urban unrest, the Vietnam War and the anti-war movement, the youth rebellion, the rebirth of feminism, and the conservative backlash. Studies the underlying causes of upheaval as well as the decade's legacy. Code 1. S11

322 Women and Men in American Society (3) Evolution of gender roles in the United States from colonial times to present. Explores the changing roles of men and women in American society and investigates social, economic, and political factors that produce these changes. Cross-listed as WST 322. Code 1. G. F11

323 The Asian-American Experience (3) Examines the historical experience of Asian immigrants and how they developed into "Asian-Americans." Addresses the problem of the essentialization of Asian-Americans and instead seeks to show the complexities and conflict involved in the image or construction of Asian-Americans. Deconstructs notions of race, ethnicity and discrimination and uses other categories of analysis, such as gender and class, to understand the historical experience of Asian-Americans. Code 1. RE. S11.

350 First Nations History I (3) Examination of the history and culture of the First Nations people from their origin to the Dawes Act of 1887. Cross-listed as FNS 350. Code 1. S11, S13.

351 First Nations History II (3) Examination of the history and culture of the First Nations people from 1887 to the present. Special attention given to the federal government's role in administering Indian policy. Cross-listed as FNS 351. Code 1. F10, F11.

363 Civil War and Reconstruction (3) Examination of the American Civil War and its aftermath emphasizing social and political history. Organized around three main questions: Why did civil war erupt in the United States in 1861? What effect did the wartime experience have on American society? What was at stake in the struggles of the Reconstruction period? Code 1. F10

368 Cultures of Mesoamerica (3) Investigates current and past cultures of Mesoamerica such as Nahua/Aztec, Zapotec and Mayan. Employs both archaeological and ethnographic data in a lecture, readings, film and discussion format. Cross-listed as ANTH/FNS 368. ANTH 101 highly recommended. Code 4. S11

369 The Shadow of the Mexican Revolution (3) The revolution of 1910-1920 was the central event of modern Mexican history. Examines the revolution and its legacy with particular emphasis upon the ways in which the culture, politics, and society of contemporary Mexico have evolved in the revolution's shadow. Code 4. S11

371 The Modern Middle East (3) Survey of topics in Middle East history such as the Ottoman Empire, the Armenian genocide, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Iranian revolution and the Gulf conflicts. Several films. Code 6. F11

382 East Asia and U.S. Interactions in Historical Context (3) Examines East Asian (including Southeast Asia) and U.S. interactions at multiple levels (state-to-state, social, cultural and economic). Begins with the rise of Western imperialism in Asia in the mid-19th Century, to examining the major East Asia-U.S. wars in East Asia in the 20th Century (Philippines, Japan, China, Korea, and Vietnam), the decision to use atomic bombs against Japan, and concluding with East Asia's development as a major economic power. Uses several East Asian films and documentaries as a means to understand and analyze the past through a film medium. Centers on active-dynamic learning such as focused in-class discussion, critical thinking, and analytical essays. Codes 1 or 5. S11

384 History of Modern China (3) Examines how China, as one of the most powerful, wealthy, and technologically advanced premodern civilizations, failed to meet the challenge of Western modernization/imperialism and in this failure, encountered a 20th Century history filled with chaos, despair, identity crisis and finally, revolution. Themes include: an examination of China's power before the Opium Wars, why China failed to recognize and respond to the growing power of the West, the collapse of the Qing dynasty, why the Communists, under Mao Zedong, won the civil war, and how China's communist era affected its historical trajectory. Uses several East Asian films and documentaries as a means to understand and analyze the past through a visual medium. Centers on active-dynamic learning such as focused in-class discussion, critical thinking, and analytical essays. Code 5. F10

385 History of Modern Japan (3) Examines how Japan emerged from a feudal society to a modernized country that challenged Western domination in several arenas (militarily, economically, etc.) Focuses on four key questions: How did Tokugawa feudalism ironically spur on Japan's modernization? Why was Japan the only non-Western country to modernize successfully? Why was race/racism central to the conflict and atrocities of World War II? And how did Japan emerge as an economic and technological superpower after its total defeat in World War II? Themes include: the role of the samurai warrior in feudal Japan, Japan's struggles to create its own identity, the rise of Japanese militarism, the issue of atrocities in World War II, and Japan's remarkable development as an economic superpower. Uses several East Asian films and documentaries as a means to understand and analyze the past through a film medium. Centers on active-dynamic learning such as focused in-class discussion, critical thinking, and analytical essays. Code 5. F11

392 Topics in World History (3) Required for History and Broad Field Social Studies education majors. Looks at several topics, controversies and strategies to help prepare for teaching world history. Topics range from human evolution, urbanization, world religions, and great empires and includes new perspectives on what world history ought to involve. Normally taken junior year. Especially for EAA prospective teachers. Code 7. S12

403 African Voices on Gender (3) Seminar-style reading class with autobiography, history, anthropology and fiction about gender issues in Africa. Topics vary from year to year and may include the legacy of slavery and race prejudice, health and gender, the impact of colonialism, environmental causes, African gender identities, the impact of war, and women as peacemakers.  Cross-listed as WST 403. Code 3, G. S12

404 Arab Voices on Gender (3) Seminar-style reading class with autobiography, fiction, history and ethnography about gender issues in the Arab World. Topics vary from year to year and may include topics like women and nationalism, progress through education and ideology, the Arab feminist movement, gender identities in Arab societies, gender in Islam. Cross-listed as WST 404. Code 6. G. S11

405 History of the English Language (3) Development of English from 449 A.D. to the present. Prerequisite: Six credits of literature or consent of instructor. Cross-listed as ENGL 405. Code 2. S11.

406 Construction of Gender in East Asia (3) Advanced seminar course examining the construction of gender in East/Southeast Asia. The construction of gender is placed into a historical context of East Asia, with emphasis on how the nation-state, the family, and war/imperialism affected gender roles and norms. Although primarily focused on the modern period, the course examines the pre-modern context as means to assess the continuities and ruptures in gender roles. In addition, the course devotes more time to women's perspectives because women's voices historically have been marginalized; however, the course examines the construction of masculinity. Strong theoretical focus: construction of gender, the ideology of Orientalism, and the relationship of nationalism and gender. Extensive use of feature films and documentaries, primarily from East Asia, that complement the readings, and how to analyze film as a means to understand the construction of gender. Cross-listed as WST 406. Code 5. G  S12

412 Socialism in the West: Theory and Practice (3) Introduction to the history of socialism in modern Europe and North America, both as radical theoretical critique of the existing social and political orders, and as mass movements of working people seeking immediate political and economic benefit. The primary goal is to understand -- critically, but without Cold War blinders -- the socialist idea in all its variety and diversity, how it has evolved over the course of the past two or three centuries, and its central importance in the development of today's society and government. Code 2. S12

415 The History of Nationalism in Europe (3) Introduction to the phenomenon of nationalism and its roles in the history of modern Europe. One of the two main foci is on in-depth examinations of key nationalist movements in European history like the Irish, German, and Serbian. These case studies are paired with an examination of the evolution of Western social scientists' attempts to understand the nature of the phenomenon, from political-intellectual to sociological and anthropological perspectives. Code 2. RE. F11

421 Slavery and Prejudice (3) Reading seminar explores the relationship between the institution of slavery and race prejudice in different time periods and regions of the world. May include the United States; the Caribbean, especially Cuba; Brazil, Africa and the Middle East. No prerequisites but students need to be strong readers. Code 7. RE. F10

450 The Construction of Race and Nationality (3) In recent years scholarship on race and nationality has been revolutionized by a growing realization that racial and national identifies are not fixed, but rather are social constructions that are fluid and changeable. This team-taught seminar examines the social, political and cultural processes through which race and nationality are formed. Cross-listed as SOCI 450. Code RE. Prerequisite: SOCI 101 or instructor approval. S12

460 The Holocaust in Modern Memory (3) The Holocaust, which took place over half a century ago, has never been more present than it is today. From the United States to France to Germany, Poland, Russia and Bosnia, the incantation to "Never Forget!" exercises more power today than ever before; even more than in the immediate aftermath of the war. But why should that be true?  Why is it that the memory of this particular event should have such power over generations so far removed in both time and space -- particularly when other episodes of genocidal violence, similar in scale and historical importance, play almost no role in our collective memories and consciousness? In part, this course brings to students a fuller appreciation of just what "the Holocaust" was; to understand precisely what the attempted genocide of European Jews, Roma, Poles, homosexuals, mentally ill, and others involved, and how and why it happened. While investigating those kinds of factual questions, however, the main focus is on the memory of the Holocaust as memory. Why is the Holocaust remembered? What is remembered, and what is forgotten? What are the ways in which the memories of the Holocaust are used by various societies, and how/why do they differ? Much reading and discussion focuses on different ways in which facts and memories of the Holocaust are used to draw meanings -- about Germany, about Jews, about mankind, about history -- and how those types of decisions can have profound consequences for the way a given society or group behaves and feels in the present. Code 2, RE. S11

490 Public History Internship (3) A structured field experience. Students provide 150 hours of museum, archival, or other public history work to a local organization. Students receive training and experience under the supervision of a public history professional. Permission of a supervising faculty member required. See the History Program coordinator for information. No code.

495/695 Special and Student-Initiated Seminar (1-3) This department offers a specially designed seminar or student-initiated seminar when interest warrants. In certain circumstances this course can be adapted to serve as the capstone experience. For further information see Special or Student-Initiated Seminar in the index of this catalog. Code will depend on topic selected. Instructor consent required.

496 Historiographical Research Theories and Methodologies (3) Advanced seminar in current methodological and historiographical debates and trends in the historical profession. Introduces students both to the ways in which the writing of history has evolved and changed over time, and to the wide variety of theories and methods that dominate approaches to historical research and writing today. Through focused readings and discussions, students learn to recognize and critically evaluate the underlying assumptions, starting questions, methodologies and theoretical models at work in some of the most important historical debates of the past few decades. Individual historiographical research projects serve as the first step toward the students' primary research for their senior theses in HIST 497. Required of all History majors, and ordinarily taken in the fall of a student's senior year. Prerequisite: at least six credits of history at 300-level or above, or instructor's approval. F10, F11

497 Senior Thesis (3) Guided research on a selected historical topic resulting in a thesis paper. Working closely with history faculty, students move beyond engagement with the existing secondary literature on their topic to conduct their own primary research and arrive at their own findings and argument. Individual work in cooperation with a faculty thesis advisor will be balanced with collaborative discussions among all students writing theses. The capstone will be a mini-conference in which each student presents her or his research findings to peers and guests. Required of all majors not seeking secondary teaching certification. Prerequisite: HIST 496, S11, S12 

498/698 Study Abroad (1-5) Field trips designed to give students direct experiences in foreign countries. Each program includes preparatory reading, orientation meetings, a faculty-supervised study tour, and a detailed written evaluation of learning situations associated with the instructor. With consent of the department chair and content adaptation, programs provided by other agencies can be considered for this credit. Code depends on region visited.

499/699 Independent Study (1-3) For advanced students majoring or minoring in History who have shown themselves capable of independent work. Each student is directed by a faculty member chosen by the student. Prerequisite: Approval of the department chair. Code will depend on topic selected.