2000 McNair Scholars at UW-Superior

2000 McNair Scholars Program Research

Christopher S. Owen
Faculty Mentor: Matthew L. Faerber, Music Department

: This is a choral conductor's perspective of Maurice Duruflé's Messe "Cum Jubilo."  A brief biography of the composer is included, as well as a history and brief analysis of the piece, identification and possible solutions of pedagogical problems found in the Mass, and a discussion of principle conducting difficulties inherent in the work.

Danie-Marie Osterlund
Faculty Mentor: Dr.Hal S. Bertilson, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Deparement

ABSTRACT: This study was performed to determine if individuals from local fitness centers and gyms, taking a supplement containing ephedrine in conjunction with a regular exercise regiment would have a higher addictive personality trait than those not taking a supplement. 

Body image, eating disorder, and personality characteristics of supplement users in comparison to non-supplement users were also investigated.  Volunteers consisted of 22 males and females from the general population, currently exercising three times a week for at least thirty minutes per session at a fitness center.  Participants completed three questionnaires:  The Eating Disorder Inventory-2  (EDI-2), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-R, and a third questionnaire constructed to systematically assess supplement use.  Women reported greater Drive for Thinness (DT), Bulimia (B), and Body Dissatisfaction (BD) scores on the EDI-2 subscales as predicted. 

Results indicated that half of the men and women reported taking a supplement containing ephedrine during their workout.  These observations suggest that the prevalence of ephedrine use is not limited to a bodybuilder population as documented by previous research.

Karena M. Facchin
Faculty Mentor: Dr. David Carroll, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department

There has been much theorizing regarding possible memory impairment contributing to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), specifically relating to checking rituals.  Studies examining the possibility that those with OCD may engage in checking rituals due to an inability to discriminate between actual vs. perceived stimuli, have obtained mixed results. 

The present study compared scores obtained from participants on the Padua Inventory (PI) with their scores on a recognition test consisting of some of the words drawn from those presented to them during the study.  Contrary to the hypothesis, participants' scores on the PI did not correlate with errors on the recognition test.  The results indicate the need for a more appropriate technique for examining the possible link between OCD and memory deficits.

Melissa Anderson
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Gary Keveles, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department

Family Group Conferences are used as a tool for producing a victim, offender, family, and community response to crime and the effects of crime.  Professionals utilizing the process encompass a diverse number of perceptions on Family Group Conferencing.  The main focus appears to lie on the safety of the victim and the preparation and professionalism of the facilitator.

Ronald Rafique Wayne Powell
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Richard Hudelson, Department of Social Inquiry

ABSTRACT: For many years, nations, communities, and individuals have been in conflict about who understands and believes in a particular religion.  The question asked is "who has the right or 'true' religion."  Mysticism is one way to transcend this question. This paper will focus on several world religions and Mysticism, studying mystical experiences that have been documented.

Thomas Yellowman
Faculty Mentor: Susan E. Loonsk, Department of Visual Arts

ABSTRACT: In this paper we will study the symbolic healing of the Blessingway Rite and the dry paintings associated with this rite.  The Blessingway Rite is the core of the Navajo way of life [religion].  The Blessingway Rite is representative of all the other Navajo ceremonies. 

We will also give an overview of the importance of Navajo hooghan, the place home (Wyman, 1970).  This roundhouse is home to Navajo healing ceremonies and dry paintings (Wyman, 1970).  We will examine the primitive and modern symbolic healing of the Blessingway Rite and associative dry paintings (Sandner, 1979).


Wendy Smith
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Suzanne Griffith,  Counselor Education Program

ABSTRACT: This study predicted that there would be a relationship between the following variables:  Socioeconomic Status (SES), parental support, family stressors,and program involvement of 5th grader students diagnosed with ADHD. 

A short survey was given to two school counselors based on the students they worked with that were diagnosed with ADHD.  The questions dealt with: number of activities the student was involved in, in-and-out of school; parents' status; income level; parental support; and family stress. The data was analyzed utilizing SPSS to find correlations between data.  Results indicated that there was a significant correlation between parental involvement and income between ADHD and socioeconomic status having to do with the variables as family involvement level and number of student-involved activities.

The hypotheses that there may be a connection between ADHD and socioeconomic status having to do with such variables as family involvement and stress are highlighted in past literature but were not strongly supported in this study.

Wayne Whitmore
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Hal S. Bertilson, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department

This study predicted that the dimensions of causality, social distancing, and vulnerability would be significant predictors of global attitudes toward persons with disabilities.  It was also predicted that differences in age, income, gender, and ethnicity would lead to significant differences in global attitudes. 

Participants included 193 college students enrolled in summer semester college classes at Lake Superior College and the University of Wisconsin-Superior.  Low versus high levels of causality, social distancing and vulnerability led to significant differences in global attitudes.  Hypotheses about age, income, gender, and ethnic differences were not supported.