2001 McNair Scholars Program Research
Faculty Mentor: Dr. David Carroll, Human Behavior, Justcice, and Diversity Department
ABSTRACT: An archival study examined the correlation of leisure time activities (LTA) and exercise with cooperation and maladaptive behaviors in individuals with developmental disabilities (DD). The sample consisted of 10 women and 18 men, ranging in age from 18 to 80 years, and was divided in higher- and lower-functioning groups. Cooperation was significantly correlated with LTA for the lower functioning group, r(15)=.5373, p<.05. It was suggested that LTA and perhaps exercise might be more beneficial for lower functioning individuals because it alleviates some of the tedium of their daily lives.
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Hal Bertilson, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department
ABSTRACT: This research paper includes a brief history of poverty among women in the United States but focuses most specifically upon the experiences of four rural women living in poverty. Research documents include personal surveys as well as demographic information. Their interviews provide information on unique as well as general conditions and feelings of poverty.
A qualitative approach was used with personal narrative provided by the participants. Some topics of similarity include emotions of stress and depression. The participants are all in the process of finishing an education or have already done so at the time of this research. The participants were enabled to do so, in part, because of strong support networks consisting of family and community. The research addresses issues of stress and PTSD. A feminist perspective was used, as it became evident soon after beginning the research that it was impossible to address the subject without doing so.
Information included in the discussion deals with possible alternatives to current welfare reform, and the need for social change in order to narrow the gender/class stratification. In summary, the research resulted in information on: a) stress b) depression c) choice d) support e) education, and their connection to poverty among single mothers.
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Sergei Bezroukov, Mathematics and Computer Science Department
ABSTRACT: This paper introduces a new Macaulay poset, which is a representation of the Petersen graph. It is proved the order described is Macaulay for this poset. The results extend previous ones relating to the edge-isoperimetric problem on some graphs.
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Cecilia Schrenker, Writing, Reading and Library Science Department
ABSTRACT: The history of spelling instruction in the United States and the causes of spelling difficulties were investigated in this research project to build background knowledge. The effects of teaching a spelling study technique involving eight steps on a sixth grade male were assessed.
Data was collected using the WRAT 3, a questionnaire to assess the subject's attitudes toward spelling, daily pre-tests of new words, daily re-tests of the previous day's words, daily writing samples, and post-testing on 20 words taught over the intervention period. Principal findings included a more positive attitude toward spelling, the subject's ability to write more clearly as a result of the intervention, and maintenance of 17 of 20 words taught over the intervention period.
Faculty Mentor: Susan Loonsk, Visual Arts Department
ABSTRACT: Enlightening the lives of the mentally disabled through art has proven to be a strong link to paving the way to a greater sense of well being (Pendleton, 1999). Goals included in treatment for the severely or profoundly mentally disabled consist of activities which promote creativity, self-expression, hand and eye coordination, kinesthetic and tactile stimulation, communication, and life understanding (Weiss, 1984).
This research is a case study that involves two clients from the Challenge Center Sensory Stimulation Program. These clients were given different art projects using a variety of materials according to their ability level. The immediate focus was directed on whether these art activities benefit each client or not.
Faculty Mentor: William Morgan, Visual Arts Department
ABSTRACT: Steeped in ancient traditions, modern day Peru can boast the continuation of cultural heritage dating back before 1000 BC. The coastal desert climate is perfect for the preservation of textiles long buried in the sacred graves of past peoples. From these artifacts we can see how important the textiles of the Incan culture were to its people.
Some argue that internal strife was the main factor for the ease with which the Spaniards were able to conquer the advanced civilization of the Incas. Others argue that the empire was already in decline. Perhaps the textile-based economy of the Incan empire was the prime factor.