2005 McNair Scholars at UW-Superior

2005 McNair Scholars Program Research

Sherry Berhow, (McNair Scholar at College of St. Scholastica)
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Richard Stewart-Transportation and Logistics Research Center

ABSTRACT: With the rise in the popularity of recreational boating, communities along navigable waters are more and more often faced with weighing the economic benefits of building new or expanding existing small-craft marina facilities against the potential environmental impacts of such building or expansion.

The goal of this study is to provide a comprehensive database of marinas located on western Lake Superior in Minnesota and Wisconsin. The information gathered concerning the utilization of these existing marinas will be examined.This information will allow stakeholders accessing the database to compare the existing marina facilities and analyze critical metrics and data such as: location and situation, contact  information, repair facilities, ramp and slip size, draft, fueling capabilities, as well as lift size and capabilities.

This research will further enable public and private decision makers the ability to better assess the economic and market forces which drive expansion or new construction. The database will be robust and expandable, with linkage to a Geographic Information System (GIS) application. This database can also serve as a model for other marine facility decision makers in other locations.

Anne Chelin
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Mary Balcer, Natural Sciences Department

ABSTRACT: This study examines what course work is necessary for future instructors to effectively teach to the Wisconsin Model Academic Standards as well as to excel at the new Praxis II exam. The curricula from four colleges were compared to see how those schools are preparing their undergraduates for becoming an instructor of Biology at the secondary educational level.

The University of Wisconsin-Superior, University of Wisconsin-Madison, University of Minnesota-Duluth, and College of St. Scholastica were the schools examined. It was found that the curriculum of the University of Wisconsin-Superior would benefit by adding course work in Physics, Earth Science and Geology, whereas the University of Minnesota-Duluth has a well rounded and thorough curriculum for its graduating science teachers.


Marlene Hart
Faculty Mentor: Professor Elizabeth Twining Blue, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department

ABSTRACT: Research was conducted to find out what Duluth small business owners or managers considered were their health insurance preferences and concerns about health insurance and health care. An overwhelming majority said health insurance and health care costs were too high. A small majority of the business owners surveyed provided health insurance to their employees.

These same business owners reported that because of the increasing cost of health insurance premiums, they intended to pursue other less costly options in providing this benefit. In addition, they offered various solutions in providing health insurance to their employees, which included a government-ran one-payer system; allowing the free market to dictate the price of health care, each person being responsible for buying his/her own insurance; and the government providing tax credits for when people buy insurance.


Joshua Horky
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Mary Balcer, Natural Sciences Department

ABSTRACT: The Gordon MacQuarrie Wetland Mitigation Site has been a functional wetland since 1997. Wetlands were replaced that were lost in the construction of State Highways 53 and 35 in northern Wisconsin. This wetland plant community was monitored for five years beginning in 1992, with the final delineation occurring in 1997.

This study is focused on comparing plant community data which was collected in the summers of 1993, 1995, and 1997 as well as data collected in the summer of 2005. In this comparison major changes in the plant community have occurred: Decreased open water, increased plant cover, and a shift from a mix of upland and obligate wetland plant species, to a plant community which is entirely of wetland plant species.


Jeremy Hunter, (McNair Scholar at College of St. Scholastica)
Faculty Mentor: Karl Bahm, Ph.D., Department of Social Inquiry

ABSTRACT: Since the European Enlightenment, from the early 18th century to the late 19th century, the same rhetoric has been reinforced from the world's political leaders to the Nation-States they represent. Key words, such as "freedom," "liberty," and "equality," and key sentiments, "such as for the good of all humankind," have been common phrases from Robespierre, who used these terms during the French Revolution of 1789, to Daniel Cohn-Bendit, who used the same rhetoric during the May Revolution of 1968.

Moreover, the relationship between Reason and the Passions has become increasingly important to the world's political, economic, and intellectual arenas, and the use of this relationship has been debated by authors, such as David Hume, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Edmund Burke, and Thomas Paine.
Even though many historians refer to this age as Post-Modern it is evident that the language of this age is the same as the Enlightenment.

This research thus takes the key relationship expressed by the Enlightenment's main intellectuals, and makes an in-depth analysis on how they view the relationship between Reason and the Passions, and more importantly how this key relationship should be applied. With this foundation the second part of this article then summarizes the key speeches and texts given by three political leaders, and analyzes how the relationship between Reason and the Passions is used according to their political agendas, and the effects of their use.

Amanda Jaqua
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Mary Pulford, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department

ABSTRACT: Archaeological and anthropological research, excavation and artifact management practices, laws, and guidelines have changed over the last several decades to become more culturally sensitive to indigenous peoples. United States lawmakers have tried to respond to both Native Americans and the historical community and have passed legislation to protect the interests of all concerned.

However, there is still controversy over methods used, what is or is not sacred, and where materials should be stored and how, and who "owns" artifacts. Although history is subjective, the deconstruction and reconstruction of it in order to produce an account of the past may or may not be impeded by current legislation.


Hanna Morzenti
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Gary Keveles, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department

ABSTRACT: This study examines the difference in attitudes toward marijuana among UW-Superior criminal justice majors when compared to other majors. Criminal justice employees and students are directly involved with the problems caused by marijuana, as well as other drugs that affect the criminal justice system. Findings from the survey reveal that there is a slight difference in the attitudes of criminal justice majors compared to non criminal justice majors.


Nick Nyderek
Faculty Mentor: Dr. Matthew Faerber,
Department of Music

ABSTRACT: This paper explores several different scale intonations and temperaments, including Pythagorean intonation, limit-5 just intonation, mean-tone temperament, and equal temperament. Historical context is provided as well as possible reasons for the development of new temperaments and intonations.

These temperaments and intonations are compared mathematically and musically with pure intonation. A primary focus of the provision, for aural analysis and comparison, of a computer generated audio recording of each of the specified intonations and temperaments. There are also graphical representations comparing different temperaments and intonations.


Beth Plummer
Faculty Mentor: Professor Elizabeth Twining Blue, Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department

: This study was designed to examine the experiences former clients of the Center Against Sexual and Domestic Abuse (CASDA) had with the programs and services they received. The data was collected using face-to-face interviews with five such individuals, who were clients between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2004. The participants provided their personal views about services and programs, as well as offered suggestions for improvement.


Kristin Scheel (McNair Scholar at College of St. Scholastica)
Faculty Mentor, Elizabeth Blue, M.S.W., Department of Human Behavior and Diversity

ABSTRACT: Health care costs make it more difficult for underinsured individuals to receive adequate services at a price they can afford. A questionnaire was created with help from the staff of the Minnesota Citizen's Federation (MCF) and distributed to members of the Duluth, MN community who were underinsured.

This study looked at what motivating factors might allow those affected to become involved in making health care more affordable through lobbying and/or other means. These citizens' current knowledge about health care policy action and debates was also examined.

Joseph Stensland, (McNair Scholar at College of St. Scholastica)
Faculty Mentor Gloria Toivola, Ph.D., Law and Justice

ABSTRACT: Through an analysis of historical and political documents from 1707 to the modern day, this study initiates a brief look at the degree to which Scottish nationalism exists in present-day Scottish politics and culture. Scottish nationalism, born in part from historical oppression, continues to be a significant aspect of Scottish identity. The brief review explores Scottish history, economics, culture, and government and its proximity and relationship to the United Kingdom.

Joy Tiedemann
Faculty Mentor: Assistant Professor Gary Johnson, 
Human Behavior, Justice, and Diversity Department

ABSTRACT: In 1934, the Indian Reorganization Act was passed. This act created tribal governments as we know them today. In recent times, however, there has been a move among Indian people to reconnect with their past, reconnect with their traditions. One of the places that this can be seen is in the changes that are being made to the current government structures that make them more reflective of the traditional structures. Some tribes are more in favor of returning to a more traditional structure than others and some feel that a blend of the two is needed to work for the Indian people of today.